Hypertension A Silent Killer Cause HIgh Blood pressure

Hypertension A Silent Killer Cause HIgh Blood pressure

What is high blood pressure?

Blood pressure (BP) is the force of your blood against the walls of your blood vessels as your heart pumps blood around your body. If this pressure becomes high, you are said to have high blood pressure or hypertension.

Blood pressure is expressed by two measurements, the systolic and diastolic pressures, which are the maximum and minimum pressures, respectively. For most adults, normal blood pressure at rest is within the range of 100–130 millimeters mercury (mmHg) systolic and 60–80 mmHg diastolic. Depending on how high the BP is above normal, it is classified as stage I, stage 2 and critical as shown in the table.normal blood pressure

Causes High Blood Pressure (HYPERTENSION )?

there is still no known cause for essential high blood pressure, there is substantial evidence that certain risk factors increase the risk of developing hypertension. Here are some of them:


Smoking makes the blood vessels narrower which can cause high blood pressure. It also reduces the oxygen content in the blood so the heart compensates by pumping faster which causes blood pressure to increase.

Being Overweight or Obese

Overweight and obese individuals have a higher risk of developing high blood pressure compared to those of normal weight. Refer to your body mass index (BMI) as a guide if you are overweight or obese.

cuse of hypertension

Lack of Physical Activity

Having a sedentary lifestyle raises the risk of developing high blood pressure. Regular cardiovascular exercise is one way to reduce your risk of developing the condition. Even two 30-minute sessions a week can make a difference, especially when combined with a healthy, balanced diet.

Too Much Salt Intake

Societies that don’t consume a lot of salt have a lower blood pressure compared to places where people consume a diet rich in salt. The problem is that Indians consume about double the recommended daily intake of salt.

High Fat Diet

Tran’s fats which are usually found in junk food is also bad and can contribute to the development of high blood pressure. Fat from plants and fish (monounsaturated fat) are generally good for you and may help improve cardiovascular health.

Too Much Alcohol Consumption

People who regularly drink have higher systolic blood pressure compared to those who do not drink. However, some studies have found that one to two servings of red wine or beer per day may improve heart health. Anything in excess can increase risk of developing hypertension.


The older you get, the higher your risk of developing high blood pressure. This is why you need to be more careful with your diet and you need to exercise regularly.

Family History or Genetics

If you have a family history of hypertension, you have a significantly higher risk of developing the condition. There are 8 common genetic differences that may increase risk of hypertension identified by an international scientific study.


High levels of stress in prolonged periods have been found to have a negative effect on blood pressure. people with high-stress jobs have a higher risk of developing hypertension unless they practice good stress management techniques.

Medical Conditions

Certain medical conditions like diabetes, adrenal problems, thyroid disorders, and chronic kidney disease can also cause hypertension.

Signs of High Blood Pressure

Symptoms of high blood pressure vary with age, lifestyle, diet plan, stress and another number of factors to be considered.

There is no warning ahead whether you have hypertension or not. Regular monitoring or check-up is necessary. High blood pressure for one time cannot be considered as hypertension but it is also wise not to rule out the condition. People have high blood pressure without knowing it. Sometimes only a person learn he/she has hypertension after the damage of heart disease, kidney failure, and other serious conditions.

sign and symptom opf high blood pressure

Symptoms of High Blood Pressure

Symptoms of high blood pressure can be varied from time to time. Often people are not known for having high blood pressure until it produces symptoms with serious complications. There are common symptoms associated with high blood pressure.

  • Dizziness
    It can be a symptom of high blood pressure but may not be a reliable indicator as dizziness can occur for different disease. However, sudden dizziness, loss of balance or coordination or trouble walking are some of the signs of stroke and high blood pressure is one of the risk factors leading to stroke.

  • Headaches
    Although severe headaches or headaches are symptoms of hypertension for some people, it is still an unreliable indicator. 

  • Blurred Vision
    In most cases, blurred vision occur when the eye muscle or nerve is damaged. Therefore, blurred vision is not directly related to high blood pressure. 

  • Nausea and Vomiting
    The above symptoms are more likely to occur when blood fails to regulate properly causing critical blood pressure conditions.

  • Chest Pain
    Similar to nausea and vomiting, chest pain is less likely to occur during hypertension but if it exists then it could be leading to a heart attack. At the same time, high blood pressure is one of the risk factors leading to chest pain.

  • Shortness of Breath
    When the high blood pressure occurs it thickens the heart muscle leaving less space to flow blood from the lungs to the chamber which pumps throughout the body. Therefore, the blood flow back to lungs causing shortness of breath.

  • Nosebleed
    Nosebleed are common problems for both children and adults. A combination of nosebleed and high blood pressure is dangerous to ignore. Nosebleed are a result of when pressure exceeding normal high blood pressure.

Malignant Hypertension

It is a form of severe high blood pressure where bottom number of blood pressure readings exceeds more than 140. There are a number of symptoms include nausea, light-headedness and stroke. In the case of malignant hypertension, it is required to lower the blood pressure as well as emergency hospitalization is necessary to prevent brain hemorrhage or stroke.

It is important to understand that high blood pressure or hypertension can go through a person unrecognizing for years. It can cause the body damaging vital organs without showing any significant symptoms. It is necessary to have checked any symptoms that may relate to high blood pressure carefully. People with long-term high blood pressure may cause severe damage to the body including congestive heart failure, kidney failure, eye damage, and arterial disease.


There are many possible causes of high blood pressure. The most important thing to remember is to measure your blood pressure regularly and consult your doctor if it is above the normal blood pressure range. Hypertension can be controlled with some lifestyle changes like lowering salt intake but in some cases medication is necessary.


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Lunges Stand in a split stance (one leg forward, one leg back). Bend your knees and lower your body into a lunge position, keeping the front knee and back knee at 90-degree angles. Keeping the weight in your heels, push back up (slowly!) to starting position. Never lock your knees at the top and don’t let your knee bend past your toes. Variations include front lunges, back lunges, and side lunges. Do this exercise two to three times per week for 12 to 16 reps. 4. Push Ups (Inclined) for Beginners If you’re a beginner or don’t have as much upper body strength, this is a good move to start with. Start on all fours with hands a bit wider than the shoulders. Walk the knees back a bit in order to lean your weight on the hands and flatten the back from the head down to the back of the knees. Pull the abs in and, keeping your back straight, bend the elbows and lower body toward the floor until elbows are at 90-degree angles. Push back up and repeat for 1 to 3 sets of 10 to 16 reps. 6 Benefits of exercise Exercise benefits both our body and mind. Some of the ways in which regular exercise is beneficial to us are: 1. Improves Sleep Struggling to fall asleep? Maybe, your body isn’t tired enough. Exercising can help you sleep better, deeper, and longer. Be careful not to exercise very close to your bedtime, though; the adrenaline released while challenging physical activity could keep you from falling asleep. 2. Increases our Energy Levels Exercise improves our endurance and muscle strength. It is equally effective in improving lung and cardiovascular function. Better lung and heart functioning directly translate to more energy to follow through with our daily chores. 3. Improves Muscle health When you lead an active lifestyle, with an adequate amount of physical activity thrown in, your muscles strengthen and your tendons, ligaments and joints allow for easier movement and lesser chances of injury. Your coordination and balance improve. Also, the correct joint alignment affected by strong muscles and ligaments protects against the joint and lower backache. 4. Reduces Risk of Chronic Disease The lack of regular physical activity is known to be a primary cause of chronic disease. Regular exercise helps improve insulin sensitivity, body composition, and cardiovascular fitness while decreasing blood pressure and blood fat levels. A lack of regular activity can lead to a significant increase in belly fat. This, in turn, increases the risk of type 2 diabetes and heart diseases. It is, therefore, recommended that one remain physically active and exercise regularly in order to avoid these diseases. 5. Pain Reduction Exercise can also help reduce chronic pain. While it was recommended that get rest whenever in pain, studies have now found that exercise can benefit chronic pain. According to several studies, exercise also helps control pain associated with various health conditions. This includes chronic lower back pain, chronic soft tissue shoulder disorder, among others. In addition to that, physical activity also helps raise tolerance to pain. 6. Improves Skin Health The amount of oxidative stress in the body can affect your skin. This occurs when the body’s antioxidant defenses are unable to completely repair the damage caused by free radicals to cells. This damages their structure and deteriorates the skin. While intense physical activity contributes to oxidative damage, regular moderate exercise increases the body’s natural antioxidant production, thus helping protect cells. Similarly, exercise can also stimulate blood flow and induce skin cell adaptation. This helps delay the appearance of skin aging. Summary Exercise is an essential part of weight loss. One must focus on following a workout routine planned as per your goals and requirements. Ideally, consult a certified fitness trainer to plan out this workout routine. That said, one’s weight loss goals is dependant on the right kind of eating habits as well. It takes a combination of a good workout routine and a proper diet plan to ensure weight loss. Thus, get started on your fitness journey with a healthy meal plan, and a workout routine that includes the exercises mentioned above. Frequently Asked Questions(FAQs) Q. What type of exercise is best for weight loss? A: Any individual looking to lose weight must turn to a combination of strength training (about 70%) and cardiovascular exercises (about 30%). This, combined with the right diet will help one achieve their weight loss goals. Q. Can you lose weight by exercising 30 minutes a day? A: Yes, you can. However, care must be taken to ensure that you follow the correct posture, intensity, and frequency. Ideally, get in touch with a certified fitness trainer to understand what exercises you need to do, and how exactly to do them. Q. Can you lose weight with just exercise? A: No, you can not lose weight through exercise alone. Weight loss is a result of a combination of a proper diet and the right workout plan. It is important to ensure that you follow both in order to achieve the desired results. Q. How do I lose belly fat? A: In order to lose belly fat, you need a combination of a well-balanced diet, an active lifestyle, and a proper workout plan. That said, spot reduction is not a practice that is recommended by HealthifyMe. Make sure to follow a plan that will help you lose weight across the body.  
Monsoon Health Tips to help you stay healthy
The monsoon can be very refreshing but the heavy rains also provide a breeding ground for mosquitoes which can cause diseases such as malaria and dengue. Hence, it is extremely important to take care of your health and get an annual preventive health checkup. Here are a few monsoon health tips to prevent you from falling sick. 1. Less Eat in monsoon Consuming too much food during the rainy season is not recommended as the body takes a lot of time to digest the food due to the high humidity levels present during the monsoon season. Excess consumption of food can lead to bloating, acidity and indigestion. If you are trying to improve your digestion, consume food that has garlic, pepper and coriander. Stick to eating small meals once every couple of hours. 2. Use Vegetables & Dahi, buttermilk Do not eat raw vegetables as they may contain bacteria and viruses which can lead to severe infections such as stomach pains, food poisoning and diarrhoea. It is advisable to stick to boiled and steamed vegetables as they are healthy and contain a lot of proteins, fibre and other nutrients. This can help reduce skin conditions like acne which is common during the monsoon season. Consuming milk products such as yoghurt and buttermilk that are high in nutrition is also important to prevent illness during the rainy season 3. Homemade fruit juices Homemade fruit juices such as apple and orange juice are not only delicious but also have a lot of health benefits to help prevent you from falling ill this monsoon. Apple juice helps clean up the toxins present in the liver and also increases pH levels and prevents any stomach issues. Orange juice is considered one of the healthiest beverages as it increases immunity, boosts metabolism and detoxifies the body. It also reduces the risk of diseases such as malaria and diarrhoea which is very common in the monsoon season. 4. Take a bath twice a day Right after finishing up school or work, it is advisable to take a shower immediately to prevent infection from diseases that are predominantly caused by the buildup of excess sweat and dirt due to humidity. A hot shower can also feel invigorating during a cold monsoon day!  5. Avoid Junk Food  & Road Side food Eating street food during the monsoon season is not advisable as the vegetables and water used to make the food get exposed to constant humidity, pollution and contamination. One can get all sorts of diseases ranging from fever to stomach conditions as a result of these unhygienic conditions. It is also safer to drink water from sealed bottles as there is a lower chance of contamination.  6. Avoid Drinks Consuming fizzy drinks during the monsoon season is not recommended as they lower the mineral content in the body, which results in a decreased enzyme activity. This plays a significant role in the digestive system. Fizzy drinks also increase cholesterol levels and blood pressure, so it’s best to avoid them even after the monsoons! If you want to remain happy and healthy this monsoon season, it is extremely important to follow the above pointers and maintain a healthy lifestyle. A great way to identify any symptoms and nip them in the bud before they get too serious is to get an annual health checkup. Visit vahcare to get your preventive health checkup today.